You can run "SQL Server Maintenance Plan" with DTExec.exe.
The "Job" has the "Step", the "Step" has command line property. You can use the same property as the command line option from "Step" and provide to DTExec.exe.
1.Create Maintenance Plan on SQL Server Management Studio.
If you set the name as "Daily Backup" for the plan, the job name may be "Daily Backup.Subplan_1"
3.Click "Step", select a step and "Edit", Click "Command line" tab.
4.Copy command line option string.
5.Provide the option and run DTExec.exe
DTExec.exe /SQL "Maintenance Plans\Daily Backup" /SERVER DBSvr /CHECKPOINTING OFF /SET "\Package\Subplan_1.Disable";false /REPORTING E